-RECENT UPDATES – AGRICULTURE -2018 

last updated-30-07-2018

JULY 2018

  • As per report of International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications, 2018, India ranks 5th in global cultivation of GM crops
  • Bt. cotton is the only GM crop approved for commercial cultivation in the Country
  • Total area under GM crops in India –> 110.75 Lakh hectare
  • A  Soil Health Card contains the status of soils with respect to 12 parameters, namely – N, P, K (Macro-nutrients), S (Secondary-nutrients), Zn, Fe, Cu, Mn, B (Micro-nutrients) and pH, EC, OC (Physical Parameters)
  • Under MIDH, a cluster-based approach is adopted for production and linking it with available infrastructure, or to be created, for post harvest management, processing, marketing and export
  • Minimum Support Price (MSP) of Cotton for 2018-19 season at Rs. 5150/- per quintal for medium staple and at Rs. 5450/- per quintal for long staple
  • Government has been promoting Farmers Producers Organisations (FPOs) and the Budget for 2018-19 has given 100% deduction of income tax to such organisations having annual turnover up to Rs. 100 crore in respect of profits derived from post-harvest value addition in agriculture
  • Market Intervention Scheme (MIS) is done in case of perishable crops like potato and onion recommended  by State/UT to protect farmers to not go for  distress sales in case of bumper harvest
  • PMFBY is an actuarial premium based scheme under which farmer has to pay maximum premium of 2% for Kharif, 1.5% for Rabi, food & oilseed crops and 5% for annual commercial/horticultural crops and remaining part of the actuarial/bidded premium is
  • NITI AAYOG has formulated Model Agricultural Land Leasing Act, 2016 to provide a legal and institutional framework for legalisation of agricultural land leasing.
  • Government has allocated Rs. 2600 crore for the year 2018-19 under Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY)- Har Khet Ko Pani (HKKP) component.
  • This budget is for 1.Debt servicing on the loan availed from NABARD under Long term Irrigation Fund (LTIF) to fund prioritized projects under PMKSY- Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP). 2.Financial assistance to States/UTs under the scheme Surface Minor Irrigation and Repair, Renovation & Restoration (RRR).
  • To meet per-capita availability of Milk in Meghalaya –> Meghalaya Milk Mission was launched  in Shillong by Union Minister Radha Mohan SIngh with an  outlay of Rs 215 crores through National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC)
  • Since market rate of gram has reached around MSP levels Government has directed NAFED to start disposal of gram stock, the disposal from godowns will be on FIFO basis (First In – First Out basis) so as to maintain quality of stored commodities
  • Under MIDH subsidy is provided to farm land less than 4 hectares in majority of its interventions(small and marginal farmers)
  • Under National Food Security Mission (NFSM), at least 33% of funds are earmarked for small and marginal farmers.
  • Under the Per Drop More Crop (micro irrigation) at least 50% of the allocation is to be utilized for small & marginal farmers.
  • The Government currently provides total interest subvention up to 5% ( inclusive of 3 % prompt repayment incentive) on short-term crop loans up to Rs.3.00 lakh.
  • Thus, loan is available to farmers at a reduced rate of 4% per annum on prompt repayment
  • The Government has formulated and released a progressive and facilitative Model Act on Contract farming  “The State/ UT Agricultural Produce & Livestock Contract Farming and Services (Promotion & Facilitation) Act, 2018”  in May 2018
  • PMFBY was introduced in -> Kharif of 2016 currently implemented in 27 states
  • A total of 300 crore was set aside in the Union budget for -> Restructured National Bamboo Mission under NMSA in 2018-19
  • Funds under Sub Mission on Agricultural Mechanization (SMAM) scheme of DAC&FW are also provided to State Governments for conducting training and demonstrations of various agricultural machinery
  • Sub Mission on Agricultural Mechanization (SMAM) comes under the main Mission i.e. National Mission on Agricultural Extension and Technology (NMAET)
  • To examine issues and strategies relating to doubling of farmers’ income in real terms by the year 2022 Inter-Ministerial Committee under the Chairmanship of Chief Executive Officer (CEO), National Rainfed Area Authority,–> Ashok Dalwai Committee


  • The Central Govt scheme relating to tree plantation is –> Har Medh Par Ped
  • India occupies first position in milk production in the world and contributes 19% to world milk production.
  • Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Shri Radha Mohan Singh, ICAR’s 90th Foundation day on 16th July 2018
  • Total Kharif crop sowing crosses 333.76 lakh hectares upto 6th July 2018
  • Cabinet approves hike in MSP for Kharif Crops for 2018-19 Season

MSP of Moong increased by Rs.1400 per quintal

MSP of Sunflower increased by Rs.1288 per quintal

MSP of Ragi up by Rs.997 per quintal

MSP of Common Paddy increased by Rs.200 per quintal

  • Union Agriculture Minister chairs inter-session meeting of consultative committee on “Marine Fisheries-Mariculture in India” at Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu
  • National Policy on Marine Fisheries, 2017” to guide the development of marine fisheries sector for the next 10 years: Shri Radha Mohan Singh

JUNE 2018

  • Union Agriculture Minister Shri Radha Mohan Singh meets Deputy PM of Uzbekistan, Mr. Suhrob Kholmuradov to strengthen bilateral cooperation in agriculture & allied sectors
  • MoU between India and Denmark for cooperation in the fields of Animal Husbandry and Dairying
  • Nafed makes record procurement of 31.91 lakh metric tonnes of pulses and oilseeds in 2017-18 benefiting over 20 lakh farmers
  • Cabinet approved a ‘Three Year Action Plan of Agricultural Education Division & ICAR Institutes’ for 2017-20 tune of Rs. 2225 Crore
  •  Krishi kalyan Abhiyaan was started from 1st June, 2018 till 31st July, 2018 so as to aid, assist and advice farmers on how to improve their farming techniques and raise their incomes.It is to be undertaken in 25 Villages with more than 1000 population each in Aspirational Districts identified in consultation with Ministry of Rural Development as per directions of NITI Ayog

Previous

  • Main objective of the Central Minikit Testing Programme scheme is to popularize the latest improved fodder variety
  • CHAMAN –> Co-ordinated Horticulture Assessment and Management Using geoinformatics
  • States of Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Jharkhand have been recognized by the govt as non-traditional states for banana cultivation
  • In 2017-2018 a record production of 277.48 mt of food grains and 305.42 mt fruits and vegetables have been achieved in the country
  • Minister of State for Agriculture and farmers welfare–> Shri Parshottam Rupala
  • Portal for connecting breeders and farmers of indigenous breeds of cow was launched –>  e-Pashu Haat (www.epashuhaat.gov.in)
  • India is currently the leading country in coconut production and productivity in the world–>Shri Radha Mohan Singh
  • The theme of ICAR tableau at its first ever participation in the republic day parade on January 26,2018  was –> ‘Mishrit kheti, Khushiyon ki kheti’ ie. Integrated farming system for doubling farm income
  • Grape Hybrid-Pusa Swarnika –> a hybrid between Hur x Cardinal
  • Brinjal-Pusa Hara Baigan-1 –> the first green coloured oval fruited variety suitable for kharif season under north Indian condition
  • Brinjal – Pusa Safed Baigan-1 –> white colored oval round fruited variety suitable for kharif season under north Indian plains
  • Bitter gourd hybrid – Pusa Hybrid-4 –> first gynoecious based bitter gourd hybrid developed by ICAR-IARI,New Delhi
  • March 3rd was celebrated as–> World wild life day
  • Under Price Support Scheme (PSS) of NAFED the govt. has doubled the guarantee to 19,000Crore for procurement of pulses and oilseed from farmers
  • National Conference ‘’Agriculture 2022 – Doubling Farmers’ Income’’ was held at NASC complex- Pusa, New Delhi
  • Full form of GRAM –>  Gramin Retail Agriculture Market
  • Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare congratulated ICAR for completing 88 glorious years
  • India was chosen the host country for  “World Environment Day” this year on June 5
  • Recently highly toxic insecticide  Endosulphan and 20 other was banned by the Punjab Govt
  • To curb pollution by paddy stubble burning in punjab the Govt. has made attachment of Super straw mgmt system compulsory to combine harvester machine 
  • Galvanizing Organic Bio-Agro Resources Dhan (GOBAR-DHAN) scheme was announced 
  • GOBAR-DHAN focus on converting cattle dung, solid waste into compost, biogas and bio-CNG
  • Maharashtra’s first Mega Food Park named as Satara Mega Food Park at Satara district
  • Six new features were added to the e-NAM platform (it was launched in 2016)
  • India has a total of around 6,800 APMC’s (public-sector markets)
  • The International Horticulture Innovation and Training Center is located in Jaipur, Rajasthan
  • An  incidence of yellow rust was observed at Kurukshetra in Haryana


  • India’s seed vault is located at Chang La in the himalayas at 17,300 feet with 5000 accesions 
  • CMFRI launches e-commerce app “marinefishsales” that will help fishermen sell fish directly to customers without middle men
  • Women farmers day to be observed on 15th October every  year as declared by Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers welfare
  • NABARD chairman – Harsh Kumar Bhanwala HQ- Mumbai
  • ICICI bank on engaging with the govt. is  to enable online payments at 470 mandis integrated with the national portal of National Agricultural Market eNAM
  • An MoU was signed between India and Israel to enhance cooperation in the areas of Agriculture
  • 4th ASEAN Inter ministerial meeting on Agriculture and Forestry was held – New Delhi
  • International Day of Rural women – 15th October theme of this year –  Challenges & opportunities in climate-resilient agriculture for gender equality & the empowerment of rural women & girls
  • LDF Mobile App (Livestock Disease Forewarning Mobile App) was developed by ICAR -NIVEDI, Bangalore
  • 2018 is declared as – National year of Millets by the Government of India