icar history

ICAR history and its establishment timeline new free updated

icar history, timeline of establishment of ICAR, indian council of agricultural research established, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, ICAR was established in the year, icar history pdf


Year of EventEvents leading to establishment of ICAR

2. AO Hume was made the Chief Secretary in the Department of Revenue, Agriculture and Commerce.

3. Lord Mayo was the viceroy during this time
1877 to 78India faced severe famine and GOI resolved to set up a Central department of Agriculture controlled by the Imperial secretariat
1880Famines and Famine Commission Report (1880)
1881Department of Agriculture was set up in provinces
1889Imperial Bacteriological Laboratory was established (which later became Indian Veterinary Research Institute) in 1889
1891DR J. A. VOELCKER’S report on improvement of Indian agriculture
1898 to 1905Lord Curzon was the Viceroy during this time
1899 to 1900Repeated Famine in India
1901J. Mollison was appointed as the first Inspector-General of Agriculture.

First Imperial mycologist was appointed in the year 1901 none other than Sir Edwin John Butler
1903First Entomologist was appointed in the year 1903, he was Harold Maxwell-Lefroy
1905A proposal emanated from the Government of Bengal in 1905 to utilize a large Government estate at Pusa in the Darbhanga district of Bihar as a provincial research station and college.

A generous donation of £20 000, to which £10 000 was gifted to the Viceroy Lord Curzon by his friend, Henry Phipps of Chicago

PUSA is said to be named after him as in Phipps of USA, or Person from USA Pusa
Soil science lab of IARI named Phipps to commemorate his generous contributions to then ICAR (source)
1901 to 1905Establishment of Agricultural colleges at Pune, Kanpur, Sabour, Nagpur, Lyallpur and Coimbatore.
1919Through the Montague Chelmsford Reforms Agriculture was made a subject of the provinces or state subject.

No specific provision had been made in the Constitution of I9I9 for co-ordinating research work, either between the central and provincial spheres or between province and province.
1923Imperial Institute of Animal Husbandry and Dairying established in 1923 later renamed as NDRI National Dairy Research Institute situated at Karnal
1926The Government of India appointed a Royal Commission on Agriculture in 1926 headed by Lord Linlithgow to examine the conditions of agriculture and rural economy in India
1929On recognizing the need for a central agency to promote, guide and coordinate agricultural research across the Provinces the RCA recommended establishment of the ICAR (Imperial Council of Agricultural Research)

ICAR came into existence in 1929 under the Department of Agriculture.

The first President of Governing body of ICAR was Khan Bahadur Sir Mohammed Habibullah
16th July 1929ICAR was established on 16 July 1929 as a registered society under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 in pursuance of the report of the Royal Commission on Agriculture
1947After attaining Independence Imperial council of Agricultural Research was named to Indian Council of Agricultural Research
1947ICAR has its Headquarters at New Delhi
2022Today ICAR has around 111 ICAR institutes and 71 agricultural universities spread across the country and is one of the largest national agricultural systems in the world
History of ICAR and its establishment


Full form of icar in agriculture

Indian Council of Agricultural Research

ICAR established in which year ?

ICAR was established in the year 1929. Exact date is 16th July 1929

Where is the Indian council of agricultural research located ?

The Indian council of agricultural research is located at New Delhi, India. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Krishi Bhavan, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Road, New Delhi-110001

ICAR headquarters

ICAR headquarters is at New Delhi, India

References for ICAR history

icar history
ICAR history

Randhawa, MS (1979) A history of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 1929-1979. ICAR, New Delhi.

Swaminathan, M. S., & Ravi, S. B. (2007). The Indian Agricultural Research System. Agricultural Research Management, 305–329. doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-6057-1_16 

ICAR history and its timeline

ICAR about us page – Link


ANGRAU Notes Link

Notes by our authors Link


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