icar history, timeline of establishment of ICAR, indian council of agricultural research established, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, ICAR was established in the year, icar history pdf
|Year of Event
|Events leading to establishment of ICAR
|1. DEPARTMENT OF REVENUE, AGRICULTURE AND COMMERCE (DRAC) was established
2. AO Hume was made the Chief Secretary in the Department of Revenue, Agriculture and Commerce.
3. Lord Mayo was the viceroy during this time
|1877 to 78
|India faced severe famine and GOI resolved to set up a Central department of Agriculture controlled by the Imperial secretariat
|Famines and Famine Commission Report (1880)
|Department of Agriculture was set up in provinces
|Imperial Bacteriological Laboratory was established (which later became Indian Veterinary Research Institute) in 1889
|DR J. A. VOELCKER’S report on improvement of Indian agriculture
|1898 to 1905
|Lord Curzon was the Viceroy during this time
|1899 to 1900
|Repeated Famine in India
|J. Mollison was appointed as the first Inspector-General of Agriculture.
First Imperial mycologist was appointed in the year 1901 none other than Sir Edwin John Butler
|First Entomologist was appointed in the year 1903, he was Harold Maxwell-Lefroy
|A proposal emanated from the Government of Bengal in 1905 to utilize a large Government estate at Pusa in the Darbhanga district of Bihar as a provincial research station and college.
A generous donation of £20 000, to which £10 000 was gifted to the Viceroy Lord Curzon by his friend, Henry Phipps of Chicago
PUSA is said to be named after him as in Phipps of USA, or Person from USA Pusa
Soil science lab of IARI named Phipps to commemorate his generous contributions to then ICAR (source)
|1901 to 1905
|Establishment of Agricultural colleges at Pune, Kanpur, Sabour, Nagpur, Lyallpur and Coimbatore.
|Through the Montague Chelmsford Reforms Agriculture was made a subject of the provinces or state subject.
No specific provision had been made in the Constitution of I9I9 for co-ordinating research work, either between the central and provincial spheres or between province and province.
|Imperial Institute of Animal Husbandry and Dairying established in 1923 later renamed as NDRI National Dairy Research Institute situated at Karnal
|The Government of India appointed a Royal Commission on Agriculture in 1926 headed by Lord Linlithgow to examine the conditions of agriculture and rural economy in India
|On recognizing the need for a central agency to promote, guide and coordinate agricultural research across the Provinces the RCA recommended establishment of the ICAR (Imperial Council of Agricultural Research)
ICAR came into existence in 1929 under the Department of Agriculture.
The first President of Governing body of ICAR was Khan Bahadur Sir Mohammed Habibullah
|16th July 1929
|ICAR was established on 16 July 1929 as a registered society under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 in pursuance of the report of the Royal Commission on Agriculture
|After attaining Independence Imperial council of Agricultural Research was named to Indian Council of Agricultural Research
|ICAR has its Headquarters at New Delhi
|Today ICAR has around 111 ICAR institutes and 71 agricultural universities spread across the country and is one of the largest national agricultural systems in the world
FAQ ICAR HISTORY
Full form of icar in agriculture
Indian Council of Agricultural Research
ICAR established in which year ?
ICAR was established in the year 1929. Exact date is 16th July 1929
Where is the Indian council of agricultural research located ?
The Indian council of agricultural research is located at New Delhi, India. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Krishi Bhavan, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Road, New Delhi-110001
ICAR headquarters is at New Delhi, India
References for ICAR history
Randhawa, MS (1979) A history of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 1929-1979. ICAR, New Delhi.
Swaminathan, M. S., & Ravi, S. B. (2007). The Indian Agricultural Research System. Agricultural Research Management, 305–329. doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-6057-1_16
ICAR history and its timeline
ICAR about us page – Link
ANGRAU Notes Link
Notes by our authors Link