exotic plant disease introduced into india

Exotic plant diseases introduced in India

list of exotic plant diseases introduced in India.

Long before official plant quarantine laws existed in India many plant materials were both imported and exported throughout the world. As a result of these expeditions many plant diseases were also introduced unknowingly they became part of our ecosystem and continue to be a menace. List depicting introduced plant diseases from other countries of the world is given below.

 

Given below is a  list of major diseases introduced into India throughout the years before efficient quarantine procedures were not in place.

Sl.No

Disease

Host Country Year
1 Bunchy Top Banana Sri Lanka 1940
2 Potato wart (Synchytrium endobioticum) Potato Netherlands 1953
3 Late blight  (Phytophthora infestans) Potato, Tomato Europe
4 Grape downy mildew (Plasmopara viticola) Grapevine Europe 1910
5 Foot rot (Fusarium monoliformae) Rice South East Asia
6 Leaf spot( Phyllachora sorghi) Sorghum South East Asia
7 Powdery mildew (Oidium hevae) Rubber Malaysia
8 Coffee Rust (Hemelia vastatrix) Coffee Sri Lanka 1879
9 Peronospora destructor Onion Europe 1977
10 Phytophthora parasitica var. nicotianae Tobacco Dutch East indies 1938
11 Plasmopara halstedii Sunflower 1985
12 Pseudoperonospora cubensis Cucurbits Sri Lanka 1910
13 Puccinia arachidis Groundnut South America 1972
14 Puccinia carthmi Safflower Japan/Europe 1904
15 Venturia inequalis Apple 1985
16 Sphaeropsis malorum Apple Australia 1943
17 Sclerospora phillippinesis Maize Java 1912

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