Bee species and apiculture in India new positive change

Bee species belong to the order Hymenoptera.

Family and origin of bee

The family Apidae includes bumble bees, stingless bees and true honeybees.
The origin of Apis genus is believed to be from South Asia since many forms of Apis spp. are present between Mediterranean and Caucasus.

Distribution of bee species

There are four Apis species – Rock bee, Apis dorsata F.; the little bee, Apis florea F.; Asian honeybee, Apis cerana F. and European honeybee, Apis mellifera L. Bumble bees collect food for larvae and have social organization. Indica is the race of Apis cerana present in India. Asian and European bee species are domesticated and are used in commercial beekeeping. Apis mellifera was introduced from Europe.

The five important species of honeybees are as follows:

Apis dorsata: The rock bee

Apis cerana indica The Indian hive bee

Apis florea: The little bee

Apis mellifera: The European or Italian bee

Melipona irridipennis: Danner bee, Meliporidae stingless bee

Bee Wiki link

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